CFDAMA-IS: MAC protocol for underwater acoustic sensor networks

Wael Gorma, Paul Mitchell, Yuriy Zakharov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)


This paper is concerned with coordinating underwater transmissions of acoustic sensor nodes. The use of acoustic waves to communicate underwater poses challenges to the functionality of Medium Access Control protocols. Long propagation delay and limited channel bandwidth are some of these challenges, which place severe constraints on the trade-off between end-to-end delay and achievable channel utilisation. The Combined Free and Demand Assignment Multiple Access (CFDAMA) protocol is known to significantly enhance the delay/utilisation performance. However, CFDAMA will suffer from long round trip delays and inefficient utilisation of its frames if it is implemented in medium and deep water. The major contribution of this paper is a new approach, namely CFDAMA with Intermediate Scheduler (CFDAMA-IS), to efficiently use CFDAMA in underwater environments. The paper compares these two protocols in typical underwater scenarios. It is shown that the proposed approach significantly reduces mean end-to-end delay and enhances channel utilisation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBroadband Communications, Networks, and Systems - 9th International EAI Conference, Broadnets 2018, Proceedings
EditorsSaud Althunibat, Victor Sucasas, Georgios Mantas
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783030051945
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event9th International EAI Conference on Broadband Communications, Networks, and Systems, Broadnets 2018 - Faro, Portugal
Duration: 19 Sept 201820 Sept 2018

Publication series

NameLecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, LNICST
ISSN (Print)1867-8211


Conference9th International EAI Conference on Broadband Communications, Networks, and Systems, Broadnets 2018


  • Medium access control
  • Underwater acoustic networks


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