Challenges and Experiences in Multicenter Prehospital Stroke Research: Narrative Data from the Rapid Intervention with Glyceryl Trinitrate in Hypertensive Stroke Trial-2 (RIGHT-2)

RIGHT-2 Investigators, Mark Dixon, Julia Williams, Philip M Bath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Ambulance services are increasingly research active and the Rapid Intervention with Glyceryl trinitrate in Hypertensive stroke Trial-2 (RIGHT-2) is the largest United Kingdom (UK) ambulance-based randomized controlled trial in stroke. We explore the complexities and challenges encountered during RIGHT-2.

METHODS: Five hundred and sixteen of 1487 paramedics from eight UK ambulance services serving 54 comprehensive or primary stroke care centers screened and consented 1149 patients presenting within 4 h of FAST-positive stroke and with systolic blood pressure >120 mmHg; participants were randomized to treatment with transdermal glyceryl trinitrate versus sham patch in the ambulance.

KEY FINDINGS: Working with multiple ambulance services demanded flexibility in the trial protocol to overcome variation in operating procedures to ensure deliverability. Many paramedics are novice researchers, and research concepts and practices are emerging including consent strategies in emergency stroke care. Regional variation in hospital participation and hours/days of operation presented paramedics with additional considerations prior to patient recruitment. The working hours of hospital research staff often do not reflect the 24/7 nature of ambulance work, which challenged deliverability until trial processes became fully embedded. Management of investigational medicinal product between ambulance stations, in-transit when on ambulance vehicles and on handover at hospital, necessitated an in-depth review to maintain accountability.

CONCLUSION: RIGHT-2 demonstrated that although there are significant practical challenges to conducting multicenter ambulance-based research in a time-dependent environment, careful planning and management facilitated delivery. Lessons learned here will help inform the design and conduct of future ambulance-based trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalPrehospital Emergency Care
Early online date19 Dec 2023
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Dec 2023

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Challenges and Experiences in Multicenter Prehospital Stroke Research: Narrative Data from the Rapid Intervention with Glyceryl Trinitrate in Hypertensive Stroke Trial-2 (RIGHT-2)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this