Constraining Nucleosynthesis in Two CEMP Progenitors Using Fluorine

A. Mura-Guzmán, D. Yong, C. Abate, A. Karakas, C. Kobayashi, H. Oh, S. Chun, G. Mace, .

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Abstract

We present new fluorine abundance estimations in two carbon enhanced metal-poor (CEMP) stars, HE 1429-0551 and HE 1305+0007. HE 1429-0551 is also enriched in slow neutron-capture process (s-process) elements, a CEMP-s, and HE 1305+0007 is enhanced in both, slow and rapid neutron-capture process elements, a CEMP-s/r. The F abundances estimates are derived from the vibration-rotation transition of the HF molecule at 23358.6 Š using high-resolution infrared spectra obtained with the Immersion Grating Infrared Spectrometer (IGRINS) at the 4-m class Lowell Discovery Telescope. Our results include an F abundance measurement in HE 1429-0551 of A(F) = +3.93 ([F/Fe] = +1.90) at [Fe/H] = -2.53, and an F upper limit in HE 1305+0007 of A(F) < +3.28 ([F/Fe] < +1.00) at [Fe/H] = -2.28. Our new derived F abundance in HE 1429-0551 makes this object the most metal-poor star where F has been detected. We carefully compare these results with literature values and state-of-the-art CEMP-s model predictions including detailed asymptotic giant branch (AGB) nucleosynthesis and binary evolution. The modelled fluorine abundance for HE 1429-0551 is within reasonable agreement with our observed abundance, although is slightly higher than our observed value. For HE 1429-0551, our findings support the scenario via mass transfer by a primary companion during its thermally pulsing phase. Our estimated upper limit in HE 1305+0007, along with data from the literature, shows large discrepancies compared with AGB models. The discrepancy is principally due to the simultaneous s- and r-process element enhancements which the model struggles to reproduce.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberstaa2610
Pages (from-to)3549–3559
Number of pages11
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume498
Issue number3
Early online date9 Sept 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • astro-ph.SR
  • astro-ph.GA
  • stars: AGB and post-AGB
  • stars: chemically peculiar
  • stars: abundances

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