Construing a 'perfect knight': a personal construct investigation of mass murder

David Winter, Finn Tschudi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


On July 22, 2011, Anders Behring Breivik emailed a compendium entitled, “2083: A Declaration of European Independence,” to more than 1,000 addresses before bombing government buildings in Oslo and attacking a Labor Party youth camp, killing 77 people. This article adopts a credulous attitude and analyzes a personal section of his compendium from a personal construct psychology perspective, as if it were a self-characterization. Its aim is to understand further the construing processes of individuals who become “radicalized” or engage in acts of extreme violence, on the assumption that such understanding is a prerequisite for preventative and restorative strategies. The personal construct formulation of Breivik's construing and actions is compared with the analysis of terrorism by an historian, Roger Griffin
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-151
JournalJournal of Constructivist Psychology
Issue number2
Early online date1 Dec 2014
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2015


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