Coping Strategies to Enhance the Mental Wellbeing of Sexual and Gender Minority Youths: A Scoping Review

Mathijs F. G. Lucassen, Alicia Núñez-García, Katharine A. Rimes, Louise M. Wallace, Katherine E. Brown, Rajvinder Samra

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Robust population-based research has established that sexual and gender minority youths (SGMYs) are at an increased risk of mental ill-health, but there is a dearth of literature that seeks to explore how to best support SGMY mental wellbeing. This scoping review aims to identify findings related to coping strategies and/or interventions for building resilience and/or enhancing the mental wellbeing of SGMYs. PRISMA extension for scoping review (PRISMA-ScR) guidelines was utilized for this review. Studies were included if they were peer-reviewed papers containing primary data; reported psycho-social coping strategies for SGMY; were conducted with SGMYs in the adolescent age range; and were published in English. MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO databases were searched. Of the 3692 papers initially identified, 68 papers were included with 24 intervention-focused studies of 17 unique interventions found. The most commonly cited therapeutic modality was cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) (n = 11 studies). Despite the need to support the mental wellbeing of SGMYs, few interventions focused on this area and unique populations have been reported upon in the peer-reviewed literature. As a result, there is considerable potential to develop supports for SGMYs.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere8738
Number of pages29
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH)
Issue number14
Early online date18 Jul 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


  • LGBT
  • e-therapy
  • depression
  • adolescent
  • youth
  • online
  • sexuality
  • gender
  • resilience
  • scoping review


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