Creating the ‘Problem Hindu’: Sati, Thuggee and Female Infanticide in India, 1800–60

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10 Citations (Scopus)


The practices of sati (‘widow‐burning’), thuggee (the supposed ‘strangler cult’) and female infanticide were frequently used by western commentators during the early and mid‐nineteenth century as convenient shorthand for demonstrating the supposed ‘backwardness’ of Indian culture and society. Generating voluminous records and considerable anxiety among British people, both at home and abroad, these three subjects have generally been examined separately by scholars. This article suggests that, by considering these issues together as part of a continuum of ‘Hindu crimes’ in the British imagination, it is possible to gain a deeper understanding of both gender and religion in colonial India.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)498-510
JournalGender & History
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 27 Oct 2013


  • infanticide
  • Hinduism
  • gender
  • nineteenth century
  • sati
  • thuggee
  • British Empire
  • Colonial India


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