In this study, we harness the signal processing potential of neurons, utilizing the Izhikevich point neuron model to efficiently decode the slope or amplitude of fluctuating continuous input signals. Using biophysically detailed compartmental neurons often requires significant computational resources. We present a novel approach to create behaviours and simulate these interactions in a lower-dimensional space, thereby reducing computational requirements. We began by conducting an extensive search of the Izhikevich parameter space, leading to the first significant outcome of our study: i) the identification of optimal parameter sets for generating slope or amplitude detectors, thereby achieving signal processing goals using neurons. Next, we compared the performance of the slope detector we discovered with a biophysically detailed two-compartmental pyramidal neuron model. Our findings revealed several key observations: ii) bursts primarily occurred on the rising edges of similar input signals, iii) our slope detector exhibited bidirectional slope detection capabilities, iv) variations in burst duration encoded the magnitude of input slopes in a graded manner. Overall, our study demonstrates the efficient and accurate simulation of dendrosomatic behaviours. Real-time applications in robotics or neuromorphic hardware can utilize our approach. While biophysically detailed compartmental neurons are compatible with such hardware, Izhikevich point neurons are more efficient. This work has the potential to facilitate the simulation of such interactions on a larger scale, encompassing a greater number of neurons and neuronal connections for the same computational power.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2024


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