Design, Privacy and Authentication of Challenge Questions in Online Examinations

Abrar Ullah, Hannan Xiao, Mariana Lilley, Trevor Barker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)
366 Downloads (Pure)


Online examination is an essential part of the online learning and secure authentication is considered vital for the success of online learning. This study is part of an ongoing research on student authentication approaches and the use of
challenge questions in online examination authentication. This paper presents the results of an empirical study based on “Profile Based Authentication Framework” (PBAF), which uses challenge questions for student authentication in online examination. The PBAF uses challenge questions related to personal, academic and professional information. These questions inform the usability, security and privacy of PBAF authentication approach. The results presented here summarizes the impact of questions design on the usability based on data collected from challenge questions authentication and a post-experiment survey on the data privacy
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProcs of the 2013 IEEE Conf on E-Learning, E-Management and E-Services
Subtitle of host publication(IEEE IC3e 2013)
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)978-1-4799-1573-6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013
Event2013 IEEE Conf on e-Learning, e-Management and e-Services - Kuching, Malaysia
Duration: 2 Dec 20134 Dec 2013


Conference2013 IEEE Conf on e-Learning, e-Management and e-Services


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