A solid phase derivative extraction method using acetic anhydride was developed for the determination of chlorophenols and alkylphenols in water and fruit juice by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). The quantitative extraction was performed by passing 100 mL of sample prepared in 0.1 mol L−1sodium hydroxide through a column packed with 500 mg of a strong anion-exchange resin at a flow rate of 0.75 mL min−1. The retained phenols were quantitatively derivatized in the column by the introduction of 0.25 mL of acetic anhydride. The derivatized phenols were eluted with 3.0 mL of hexane and the effluent was dried under nitrogen. The final volume was diluted to fifty microliters with hexane and analyzed by GC–MS. Under the optimum conditions, preconcentration factors of 2000, limits of detection between 0.005 and 1.796 µg L−1, and relative standard deviations of 2.1% to 6.7% were obtained. The method was successfully applied to wastewater and fruit juice and the recoveries of phenols were between 76% and 111%.
- Fruit juice
- Gas chromatography–Mass spectrometry
- Solid phase derivatization