A high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for the determination of the anticoccidial and antitheilerial drug halofuginone in bovine plasma was developed. Samples were diluted with acetic acid (10%, v/v) and cleaned up on a Bond Elut C8 column. The analyte was eluted from the extraction column and chromatographed by reversed-phase HPLC using decylamine as a competing-ion reagent. Detection was by UV at 243 nm. Recovery from plasma was 75%, and within-day and between-day coefficients of variation were 5.23 and 6.35% respectively. The specificity and sensitivity of this method (limit of detection in plasma, 1 ng/mL) were sufficiently high to enable us to characterize the time course of the drug in plasma after oral administration of therapeutic doses to cattle.