PURPOSE: To develop a competency framework, using a modified Delphi methodology, for optometrists with a specialist interest in glaucoma, which would provide a basis for training and accreditation.
METHODS: A modified iterative Delphi technique was used using a 16-member panel consisting almost exclusively of sub-specialist optometrists and ophthalmologists. The first round involved scoring the relevance of a draft series of competencies using a 9-point Likert scale with a free-text option to modify any competency or suggest additional competencies. The revised framework was subjected to a second round of scoring and free-text comment. The Delphi process was followed by a face-to-face structured workshop to debate and agree the final framework. The version of the framework agreed at the workshop was sent out for a 4-month period of external stakeholder validation.
RESULTS: There was a 100% response to round 1 and an 94% response to round 2. All panel members attended the workshop. The final version of the competency framework was validated by a subsequent stakeholder consultation and contained 19 competencies for the diagnosis of glaucoma and 7 further competencies for monitoring and treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: Application of a consensus methodology consisting of a modified Delphi technique allowed the development of a competency framework for glaucoma specialisation by optometrists. This will help to shape the development of a speciality curriculum and potentially could be adapted for other healthcare professionals.
- Clinical Competence
- Delphi Technique
- Education, Medical, Continuing