Development of an Affordable MGT-CHP for Domestic Applications

Vahid Hosseini, Hossein Madani, Sara Hatami, Ali Izadi, Mohamad Ali Sarkandi, Mahmoud Chizari

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Abstract

The micro gas turbine (MGT) is considered one of the main solutions for the future power generation system to provide secure and stable energy. Thanks to its multi-fuel capability and high values of power-to-weight ratio, it is a suitable candidate for many applications such as Combined Heat and Power (CHP) systems, range extenders, and auxiliary power units. Among these applications, the micro-CHP system benefits from both the electricity and exhaust heat of the MGT for household or industrial process applications. The MGT could be integrated with a heat exchanger to introduce a CHP boiler to the domestic boiler market. To reduce the cost and size of the package and to compete with a traditional boiler the simple Brayton cycle without the recuperator is considered and all of the useful energy in the exhaust gas is transferred to the heat exchanger to provide hot water. To further reduce the cost of the system to compete in the market, off-the-shelf components were adopted in this project. In this article, the development process of this product is presented including conceptual design based on the type and size of the market. It follows with an evaluation of off-the-shelf compressor and turbine modulus from the automotive turbochargers to match the operating conditions. Here, the MGT is designed in a way that can be adapted to the boilers with minimum components change. A high-speed alternator was powered with a tie grid drive/inverter to enable a bi-directional connection of the power unit to the network. A comparison between the product definition and experimental results of a demonstrator prototype is presented which reveals gaps between design and prototype outcomes. Analysis shows that 23% of the power degradation can be recovered by enhancing the cooling. Potential development and improvement scenarios are addressed for future development.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnergy and Sustainable Futures
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 3rd ICESF, 2022
EditorsJonathan D. Nixon, Amin Al-Habaibeh, Vladimir Vukovic, Abhishek Asthana
PublisherSpringer Nature
Chapter33
Pages351–360
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-031-30960-1
ISBN (Print)978-3-031-30959-5
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Aug 2023
EventEnergy and Sustainable Futures: Proceedings of the 3rd ICESF, 2022 - Coventry University Campus, Coventry , United Kingdom
Duration: 7 Sept 20237 Sept 2023
Conference number: 3
https://www.coventry.ac.uk/research/about-us/research-events/2022/icesf-2022/

Publication series

NameSpringer Proceedings in Energy (SPE)
PublisherSpringer
ISSN (Print)2352-2534
ISSN (Electronic)2352-2542

Conference

ConferenceEnergy and Sustainable Futures: Proceedings of the 3rd ICESF, 2022
Abbreviated titleICESF 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
CityCoventry
Period7/09/237/09/23
Internet address

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