Dissociative experiences of compartmentalization are associated with food addiction symptoms: results from a cross‐sectional report

Giuseppe Alessio Carbone, Elena De Rossi, Elisabeth Prevete, Lorenzo Tarsitani, Ornella Corazza, Chiara Massullo, Benedetto Farina, Massimo Pasquini, Ines Taddei, Massimo Biondi, Claudio Imperatori, Francesco Saverio Bersani

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Abstract

Purpose: Studies have shown significant associations of dissociative symptoms with both eating and addictive disorders; however, the different forms of dissociation have been relatively understudied in relation to food addiction (FA). The main aim of this study was to investigate the association of certain forms of dissociative experiences (i.e., absorption, detachment and compartmentalization) with FA symptoms in a nonclinical sample.

Methods: Participants (N = 755; 543 women; age range: 18–65; mean age: 28.22 ± 9.99 years) were evaluated using self‐report measures of FA, dissociation, eating disturbances, and general psychopathology.
Results: Compartmentalization experiences (defined as pathological over-segregation of higher mental functions) were independently associated with FA symptoms (β = 0.174; p = 0.013; CI = [0.008; 0.064]) even when confounding factors were controlled for.

Conclusion: This finding suggests that compartmentalization symptoms can have a role in the conceptualization of FA, with such two phenomena possibly sharing common pathogenic processes. Level of evidence: Level V, cross-sectional descriptive study.
Original languageEnglish
Article number28
Pages (from-to)28
Number of pages9
JournalEating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity
Volume28
Issue number1
Early online date3 Mar 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2023

Keywords

  • Original Article
  • Food addiction
  • Dissociative symptoms
  • Compartmentalization
  • Eating disturbances
  • Psychopathology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Self Report
  • Young Adult
  • Adolescent
  • Food Addiction
  • Adult
  • Behavior, Addictive
  • Female
  • Aged

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