Effect of chemical treatment on physico-chemical properties of a novel extracted cellulosic Cryptostegia grandiflora fiber

A. Udhayakumar, K. Mayandi, N. Rajini, R. K. Devi, M. Muthukannan, M. Murali, S. O. Ismail, F. Mohammad , H. A. Al-Lohedan

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Abstract

The increasing global need to achieve sustainability in product development demands the use of biodegradable materials from renewable resources in many engineering applications. Accordingly, various natural fibers were explored as suitable reinforcement in polymer matrixes due to their low density and biodegradability. Hence, in this present work, a novel fiber reinforcement was extracted from the stem of the Cryptostegia grandiflora (CG) plant through a retting process and manual intervention. The extracted Cryptostegia grandiflora fibers(CGFs)were chemically treated using NaOH and silane. Various properties like crystal structure, chemical composition, surface morphology, and thermal degradation were studied using x-ray diffraction (XRD, Fourier transform
infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) Scanning electron Microscopy (SEM) and Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The increasing cellulose content and the removal of hemicellulose after the chemical treatment indicate the potential for this CGfiber as a better reinforcement element in polymers. The increasing
trend of tensile strength was observed for the CGfiber in the following order: silane > NaOH > untreated conditions. Two-stage thermal degradation was observed in all the cases where the maximum thermal degradation was found at the silane-treated CGfibers. Based on their performance, the chemically treated CGfibres can be made into composites and used for structural applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number 075508
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalMaterials Research Express (MRX)
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • chemical treatment
  • cryptostegia grandiflora fiber
  • fiber characterization
  • morphological study
  • thermal stability

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