The development of secondary flow along a curved channel is a fundamental flow phenomenon occurring in a wide range of engineering applications, including turbomachinery, aerospace, heating, ventilation, air conditioning, etc. The underlying flow physics about end-wall secondary flows has been well-documented in the open literature, while the interaction between a secondary flow and a side-wall boundary layer, which is critical to the aerothermal performance of a side-wall surface, has not been comprehensively studied. In this study, the entropy generation of secondary flow and the interaction between an end-wall passage vortex and a side-wall boundary layer were numerically investigated by Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) CFD for a 90° curved channel. The transportation effect of secondary flow and the generation mechanism of an induced vortex pair on the side wall is reported. It was also found that the growth of the secondary flow can be suppressed due to the displacement effect of the side-wall boundary layer. Furthermore, it was found that the interaction between a secondary flow and a side-wall boundary layer provides a suppression effect on side-wall boundary layer separation.
- curved channel secondary flow
- aerodynamic loss
- flow separation