Estimation of multi-infeed HVDC inter converter direct current interaction in close electric proximity

Bilawal Rehman, Atiq Ur Rehman, Waqar Ahmed Khan, Jan Muhammad, Syed Mudassir Hussain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper aims at investigating the direct current interaction between various converters of High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) system, which lie in close electric proximity within the multi-infeed configuration. The interaction between converters in multi-infeed DC system are highly possible events which need to be evaluated in order to avoid the adverse operational results. The various indices such as multi-infeed interaction factor (MIIF) considering AC busbar voltages, local and concurrent commutation failures (CF) in converter stations under different AC disturbances, influence of AC system's strength on fault recovery time (FRT), transient over-voltage (TOV) under permanent DC faults, voltage and power stability of multi-infeed DC system are comprehensively illustrated in literatures. However, there is lack of literature regarding the investigation of current interaction in multi-infeed DC system. Therefore, in this paper, a power flow approach is adopted to estimate the inter converter direct current interaction. An index, multi-infeed current interaction factor (MICIF) is proposed that can effectively depicts the interaction between converters. The MICIF index is verified through electromagnetic transient simulations of dual infeed HVDC system developed in PSCAD/EMTDC. The results show that MICIF index can accurately assess the interaction between different converter stations of HVDC system under steady and transient states.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-18
Number of pages9
JournalMehran University Research Journal of Engineering and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2023


  • Multi-Infeed HVDC
  • Multi-Infeed Interaction Factor
  • DC-DC Interaction
  • Power Flow Study


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