Etidronate–zinc Complex Ameliorated Cognitive and Synaptic Plasticity Impairments in 2-Vessel Occlusion Model Rats by Reducing Neuroinflammation

Lina Feng, Jing Gao, Yuexiang Wang, Yuen Ki Cheong, Guogang Ren, Zhuo Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


As one of the bisphosphonate derivatives, etidronate has proved to be beneficial to spatial learning and memory deficits caused by two-vessel occlusion (2-VO). In this study, the novel drug etidronate–zinc complex (Eti–Zn) was used to detect its role in synaptic plasticity and learning and memory functions in a rat model of 2-VO. Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion was induced by permanent occlusion of the common carotid artery bilaterally in adult Sprague–Dawley rats. Eti–Zn (20 mg/kg/day, tail vein injection) was administered for 7 days after a two-week operation. After treatment, a series of tests were carried out. Here, we found that Eti–Zn could reduce spatial learning and memory impairments in 2-VO model rats via the Morris water maze test. We also found that animals treated with Eti–Zn showed preference for the new-object in the novel object recognition test. In addition, the long-term potentiation and depotentiation from the Schaffer collaterals to the CA1 region in the hippocampus were enhanced by Eti–Zn treatment in 2-VO model rats. Furthermore, Eti–Zn significantly up-regulated NMDA receptor (NR) 2A, NR2B, postsynaptic density protein 95 and synaptophysin levels and prevented the destruction of dendritic spines. Moreover, Eti–Zn treatment reduced both the over-activation of microglia and the expressions of neuroinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α IL-1β and IL-6) in the hippocampus. The increased NF-κB signaling pathway in the hippocampus of 2-VO rats was reversed after Eti–Zn treatment. In summary, these findings suggest that Eti–Zn could ameliorate the synaptic plasticity and cognitive impairments by reducing neuroinflammation in 2-VO model rats.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-217
Number of pages12
Early online date31 Aug 2018
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2018


  • chronic cerebral hypoperfusion
  • etidronate–zinc complex
  • learning and memory
  • neuroinflammation
  • synaptic plasticity


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