PURPOSE: Evaluating the impact of splitting toric power on patient tolerance to misorientation such as with intraocular lens rotation.
SETTING: University vision clinic.
METHODS: Healthy, non astigmats had +1.50D astigmatism induced with spectacle lenses at 90°, 135°, 180° and +3.00D at 90°. Two correcting cylindrical lenses of the opposite sign and half the power each were subsequently added to the trial frame misaligned by 0°, 5° or 10° in a random order and misorientated from the initial axis in a clockwise direction by up to 15° in 5° steps. A second group of adapted astigmats with between 1.00 and 3.00DC had their astigmatism corrected with two toric spectacle lenses of half the power separated by 0°, 5° or 10° and misorientated from the initial axis in both directions by up to 15° in 5° steps. Distance, high contrast visual acuity was measured using a computerised test chart at each lens misalignment and misorientation.
RESULTS: Misorientation of the split toric lenses caused a statistically significant drop in visual acuity (F=70.341; p<0.001). Comparatively better acuities were observed around 180°, as anticipated (F=3.775; p=0.035). Misaligning the split toric power produced no benefit in visual acuity retention with axis misorientation when subjects had astigmatism induced with a low (F=2.190, p=0.129) or high cylinder (F=0.491, p=0.617) or in the adapted astigmats (F=0.120, p=0.887).
CONCLUSION: Misalignment of toric lens power split across the front and back lens surfaces had no beneficial effect on distance visual acuity, but also no negative effect.
- Lens Implantation, Intraocular/adverse effects
- Lenses, Intraocular/adverse effects
- Patient Satisfaction
- Prosthesis Fitting/adverse effects
- Treatment Outcome