Evaluation of Soil Suppressiveness of Various Japanese Soils against the Soybean Cyst Nematode Heterodera glycines and Its Relation with the Soil Chemical and Biological Properties

Yanyan Yang, Junnan Wu, Roland N. Perry, K. Toyota

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Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the suppressive potential of different soils on soybean cyst nematodes (SCN) and to estimate the suppressive mechanism. Fifteen soils (designated as soil A to O) from different agricultural fields with varying organic inputs were added with SCN-infested soil and grown with a green soybean variety. The SCN density in the soil at 6 weeks of soybean growth was markedly different depending on the soils used, indicating a different level of disease suppressiveness. No significant correlation was observed between the SCN density and any of the soil physicochemical and biological characteristics tested. Then, to estimate a suppression mechanism, F-soil that showed the lowest density of SCN was added to the SCN-infested soil with or without streptomycin to kill bacteria and grown with soybean. SCN density was not increased by the addition of streptomycin, indicating that soil bacteria may not be involved in the suppressiveness of F-soil. In total, 128 fungal strains were isolated from the rhizosphere of F-soil and inoculated in a combination or singly in the SCN-infested soil. After repeated screenings, five strains were selected since the SCN density was consistently decreased by them. Sequence analysis showed that they were closest to Clonostachys rosea, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus fumigatus, Fusarium oxysporum, and Cylindrodendrum alicantinum. All five strains significantly reduced the mobility of second-stage juveniles (J2). Further, C. rosea a2, A. niger a8, and F. oxysporum a25 significantly decreased hatching. Overall, the present study demonstrated that soil fungi played an important role in SCN suppression in F-soil.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2826
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalAgronomy
Volume13
Issue number11
Early online date16 Nov 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Nov 2023

Keywords

  • disease-suppressive soils
  • soybean cyst nematode (SCN) suppression
  • soil fungi

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