This article explores the practice of local mainstream inclusion for deaf children and the issues this raises for pupils and teachers. Problems with both academic and social inclusion, due to difficulties with communication, are identified. It is suggested that sometimes deaf children may be excluded from educational and social opportunities by being included in local provision. Resourced provision may offer greater opportunities for inclusion. If schools are including deaf children on an individual basis then this has implications for resources, training, professional liaison, the monitoring of progress and a change in attitude towards deafness and deaf people.