Extraction of underlying factors causing construction projects delay in Nigeria

Christian Nnaemeka Egwim, Hafiz Alaka, Raphael Oseghale, Habeeb Balogun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

148 Downloads (Pure)


This paper aims to establish the most underlying factors causing construction projects delay from the most applicable.

The paper conducted survey of experts using systematic review of vast body of literature which revealed 23 common factors affecting construction delay. Consequently, this study carried out reliability analysis, ranking using the significance index measurement of delay parameters (SIDP), correlation analysis and factor analysis. From the result of factor analysis, this study grouped a specific underlying factor into three of the six applicable factors that correlated strongly with construction project delay.

The paper finds all factors from the reliability test to be consistent. It suggests project quality control, project schedule/program of work, contractors’ financial difficulties, political influence, site conditions and price fluctuation to be the six most applicable factors for construction project delay, which are in the top 25% according to the SIDP score and at the same time are strongly associated with construction project delay.

Research limitations/implications
This paper is recommending that prospective research should use a qualitative and inductive approach to investigate whether any new, not previously identified, underlying factors that impact construction projects delay can be discovered as it followed an inductive research approach.

Practical implications
The paper includes implications for the policymakers in the construction industry in Nigeria to focus on measuring the key suppliers’ delivery performance as late delivery of materials by supplier can result in rescheduling of work activities and extra time or waiting time for construction workers as well as for the management team at site. Also, construction stakeholders in Nigeria are encouraged to leverage the amount of data produced from backlog of project schedules, as-built drawings and models, computer-aided designs (CAD), costs, invoices and employee details, among many others through the aid of state-of-the-art data driven technologies such as artificial intelligence or machine learning to make key business decisions that will help drive further profitability. Furthermore, this study suggests that these stakeholders use climatological data that can be obtained from weather observations to minimize impact of bad weather during construction.

This paper establishes the three underlying factors (late delivery of materials by supplier, poor decision-making and Inclement or bad weather) causing construction projects delay from the most applicable.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Engineering, Design and Technology
Early online date7 Sept 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Sept 2021


  • Construction project management
  • Construction projects delay
  • Expert survey
  • Positivism
  • Project and construction management
  • Statistical analyses
  • Underlying factors


Dive into the research topics of 'Extraction of underlying factors causing construction projects delay in Nigeria'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this