Facebook Intrusion as a Mediator Between Positive Capital and General Distress: A Cross-Cultural Study

Aneta M. Przepiorka, Agata P. Blachnio, Mark J.M. Sullman , Oleg Gorbaniuk, Nicolson Yat-Fan Siu, Tetiana Hill, Maria-Eugenia Gras, Antonios Kagialis, Yanina Lisun, Maité Díaz-Peñaloza, Denisse Manrique-Millones, Militsa Nikiforou, Galina S. Evtina, Joanne E. Taylor, Burcu Tekes, Laura Šeibokaite, Lisa Wundersitz, Fran Calvo, Sílvia Font-Mayolas

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Background: Social networking sites (SNSs) play an important role in many aspects of life nowadays, and it seems to be crucial to explore their impact on human well-being and functioning. The main aim of the study was to examine the mediating role of Facebook intrusion between positive capital and general distress. Positive capital was considered as comprising self-esteem, ego-resiliency, and self-control, while general distress was seen as having three dimensions: depression, anxiety, and stress.

Methods: The sample consisted of N = 4,495 participants (M = 22.96 years, SD = 5.46) from 14 countries: Australia, Cyprus, Greece, Hong Kong, Lithuania, New Zealand, Peru, Poland, Russia, Spain, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, and United States. We used the following methods: the Facebook Intrusion Questionnaire (FIQ), the Self-Esteem Scale (SES), the Brief Self-Control Scale (SCS), The Ego Resiliency Revised Scale and the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21).

Results: We found that Facebook intrusion was a mediator between self-esteem and general distress and between self-control and general distress.

Limitations: The present study was based on a cross-sectional study, and the measures used were self-report measures. The majority of the participants were recruited using convenience sampling.

Conclusions: The present findings contribute to a better understanding on how the social media have impact on individual mental health. Implications for future studies are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number667536
Number of pages8
JournalFrontiers in Psychiatry
Issue numberJune 2021
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jun 2021


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