Feature extraction from spectro-temporal signals using dynamic synapses, recurrency, and lateral inhibition

C. Glackin, L. Maguire, L. McDaid

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    3 Citations (Scopus)


    This paper presents a spiking neural network-based investigation of the issues associated with extraction of onset, offset, and coincidental firing features from spectro-temporal data. Speech samples containing spoken isolated digits from the TI46 database are employed to demonstrate the way in which these features can be extracted using leaky integrate-and-fire spiking neurons with dynamic synapses. The flexibility that the additional synaptic parameters in the neuron model provides, is demonstrated to be essential for onset, offset and coincidental firing extraction. Recurrency and the interaction between excitation and inhibition together with latency is demonstrated to be a viable means of extracting offset features. The effects of lateral inhibition and in particular its ability to induce transient synchrony in spike firing is evaluated. In particular, by defining a connection length parameter, and hence a neighbourhood size, synchronous firing is shown to gradually develop as connection length and neighbourhood size increases. Finally, the implications for this connectivity in spiking neural networks and its potential for learning spectral and spatio-temporal patterns via the formation of receptive fields is discussed
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationNeural Networks (IJCNN), The 2010 International Joint Conference on
    PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
    Number of pages6
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4244-8126-2
    Publication statusPublished - 2010


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