Fixed-to-mobile substitution in Turkey: a policy perspective

Yavuz Goktaylar, Mehmet Bilal Unver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The usage of mobile telephony has rapidly exceeded that of the fixed telephony in the last decade, and this was echoed with the widespread recognition of fixed-to-mobile substitution (FMS). FMS, denoting changes in market and consumer behaviour, creates new challenges for policy makers. This study first elaborates the plausible fact of FMS in Turkey in terms of both penetration rate and traffic and then concludes that there may be traffic substitution, but the existence of access substitution is questionable. In particular, this study proposes that policy makers should be aware of the unintended results and dilemmas of regulatory interventions, and they should adopt a more pragmatic approach, which would be the key to a successful policy response to FMS.
Original languageEnglish
Article number6
Pages (from-to)177-196
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal Management and Network Economics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 2011


  • fixed-to-mobile substitution; FMS; mobile; price regulation; telecommunications; Turkey; universal service


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