Gaia23bab: a new EXor

T. Giannini, E. Schisano, B. Nisini, P. Abraham, S. Antoniucci, K. Biazzo, F. Cruz-Saenz de Miera, E. Fiorellino, M. Gangi, A. Kospal, M. Kuhn, E. Marini, Z. Nagy, D. Paris

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On March 6 2023, the Gaia telescope has alerted a 2-magnitude burst from Gaia23bab, a Young Stellar Object in the Galactic plane. We observed Gaia23bab with the Large Binocular Telescope obtaining optical and near-infrared spectra close in time to the peak of the burst, and collected all public multi-band photometry to reconstruct the historical light curve. This latter shows three bursts in ten years (2013, 2017 and 2023), whose duration and amplitude are typical of EXor variables. We estimate that, due to the bursts, the mass accumulated on the star is about twice greater than if the source had remained quiescent for the same period of time. Photometric analysis indicates that Gaia23bab is a Class,II source with age < 1 Myr, spectral type G3-K0, stellar luminosity 4.0 L_sun, and mass 1.6 M_sun. The optical/near infrared spectrum is rich in emission lines. From the analysis of these lines we measured the accretion luminosity and the mass accretion rate L_acc(burst)=3.7 L_sun, M_acc(burst) 2.0 10 $^(-7) M_sun/yr, consistent with those of EXors. More generally, we derive the relationships between accretion and stellar parameters in a sample of EXors. We find that, when in burst, the accretion parameters become almost independent of the stellar parameters and that EXors, even in quiescence, are more efficient than classical T Tauri stars in assembling mass.
Original languageEnglish
Article number41
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Early online date16 May 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 May 2024


  • astro-ph.SR


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