Gender Roles and the Expression of Driving Anger Among Ukrainian Drivers

M.J.M Sullman, A.N. Stephens, Tetiana Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


The current study investigated the validity of the revised (25‐item) version of the driving anger expression inventory (DAX) on a novel sample of 385 drivers from Ukraine. The roles of sex and gender in relation to self‐reported aggressive tendencies were also examined. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the four‐factor structure of the DAX (adaptive/constructive expression; use of the vehicle to express anger; verbal aggressive expression; and personal physical aggressive expression), and the three aggressive factors were found to have positive relationships with trait anger and driving anger, while adaptive/constructive expression was negatively related to trait and driving anger. Drivers who reported recent near‐misses or loss of concentration scored higher on verbal aggressive expression. Those who had recently received a traffic ticket also reported higher levels of all three types of aggressive anger expression. Further, the presence of feminine traits, but not sex, predicted more adaptive/constructive behaviors and lower scores for verbal aggressive expression, personal physical aggressive expression, and total aggressive expression. However, masculine traits did not predict any of these factors. This research concludes that the revised DAX is a valid tool to measure the expression of driving anger and that the endorsement of feminine traits is related to less aggressive expression of driving anger.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-64
Number of pages13
JournalRisk Analysis
Issue number1
Early online date10 Mar 2016
Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2017


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