Genetic sexing of Anopheles stephensi with the larval morphological mutant Bl

C. A. Malcolm, P. Mali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The development of two genetic sexing systems for Anopheles stephensi based on the visible mutant black larvae (Bl) are reported. Two Y-linked translocations, T(Y-3)20 and T(Y-3)24, induced by 5 Krads X-ray irradiation were found to have breakpoints almost completely linked to Bl, showing recombination frequencies of less than 0.05% and 0.9% respectively. These strains can be maintained as stable inbreeding populations in which males are easily selected at the late 3rd or 4th larval instar by their half-black appearance, which is distinct from the full black phenotype of the females. A third Y-linked translocation, T(Y-3)9, in which the breakpoint showed only 0.7% recombination with an adult morphological mutant, short palpi (sp) was also isolated. Linkage between the breakpoint of 5 Y-linked translocations and the DDT resistance gene locus (DDT) was established providing incentive for further studies. Only two translocations showing poor linkage between the breakpoint and the dieldrin resistance gene locus (Dl) were identified. Linkage data and cytology indicated that each of the Y-chromosone 3 translocations studied involved the 3R arm, and not 3L where Dl is located.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-42
Number of pages6
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 1986
Externally publishedYes


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