German employers' inputs to employee skills development

Richard Croucher, Michael Brookes

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)


    Using organizational level survey data, this article analyzes larger German private employers' inputs to employee skills development, to test the theory that unions and employers' associations raise employer incentives for training. Large German employers maintained their overall contribution between 1995 and 1999. Indicative data for 2004 suggest that this has continued, yet neither membership of employers' associations nor high union densities influenced it.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)231-236
    Number of pages6
    JournalIndustrial Relations
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 24 Feb 2009


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