Giant radio galaxies (GRGs) are a subclass of radio galaxies which have grown to megaparsec scales. GRGs are much rarer than normal sized radio galaxies ( less than 0.7 Mpc) and the reason for their gigantic sizes is still debated. Here, we report the biggest sample of GRGs identified to date. These objects were found in the LOFAR Two-metre Sky Survey (LoTSS) first data release images, which cover a 424 square degrees region. Of the 240 GRGs found, 228 are new discoveries. The GRGs have sizes ranging from 0.7 to 3.5 Mpc and have redshifts between 0.1 and 2.3. Seven GRGs have sizes above 2 Mpc and one has a size of ~ 3.5 Mpc. The sample contains 44 GRGs hosted by spectroscopically confirmed quasars. We also find that 21 GRGs are located in dense galaxy cluster/group environments, which were identified using optical data. Here, we present the search techniques employed and the resulting catalogue of the newly discovered large sample of GRGs. We also show that the spectral index of GRGs is similar to that of normal sized radio galaxies.
|Number of pages||27|
|Journal||Astronomy & Astrophysics|
|Early online date||28 Feb 2020|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2020|