Herschel-Astrophysical Terahertz Large Area Survey: detection of a far-infrared population around galaxy clusters

Kristen Coppin, James Geach, Ian Smail, L. Dunne, A.C. Edge, R. J. Ivison, S. Maddox, R. Auld, M. Baes, S. Buttiglione, A. Cava, D. L. Clements, A. Cooray, A. Dariush, G. De Zotti, S. Dye, S. Eales, J. Fritz, R. Hopwood, E. IbarM.J. Jarvis, M. J. Michalowski, D. N. A. Murphy, M. Negrello, E. Pascale, M. Pohlen, E. Rigby, G. Rodighiero, D. Scott, S. Serjeant, Daniel Smith, P. Temi, P. van der Werf

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Abstract

We report the detection of a significant excess in the surface density of far-infrared sources from the Herschel-Astrophysical Terahertz Large Area Survey within similar to 1Mpc of the centres of 66 optically selected clusters of galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey with < z > similar to 0.25. From the analysis of the multiwavelength properties of their counterparts we conclude that the far-infrared emission is associated with dust-obscured star formation and/or active galactic nuclei (AGN) within galaxies in the clusters themselves. The excess reaches a maximum at a radius of similar to 0.8Mpc, where we find 1.0 +/- 0.3 S-250 > 34 mJy sources on average per cluster above what would be expected for random field locations. If the far-infrared emission is dominated by star formation (as opposed to AGN) then this corresponds to an average star formation rate of similar to 7M(circle dot) yr(-1) per cluster in sources with L-IR > 5 x 10(10) L-circle dot. Although lensed sources make a negligible contribution to the excess signal, a fraction of the sources around the clusters could be gravitationally lensed, and we have identified a sample of potential cases of cluster-lensed Herschel sources that could be targeted in follow-up studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)680-688
Number of pages9
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume416
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2011

Keywords

  • gravitational lensing: strong
  • galaxies: clusters: general
  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: starburst
  • submillimetre: galaxies

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