Herschel-ATLAS : statistical properties of Galactic cirrus in the GAMA-9 Hour Science Demonstration Phase Field

A. Bracco, A. Cooray, M. Veneziani, A. Amblard, P. Serra, J. Wardlow, Mark Thompson, G. White, R. Auld, M. Baes, F. Bertoldi, S. Buttiglione, A. Cava, D. Clements, A. Dariush, G. de Zotti, L. Dunne, S. Dye, S. Eales, J. FritzH. Gomez, R. Hopwood, E. Ibar, R.J. Ivison, M.J. Jarvis, G. Lagache, M.G. Lee, L. Leeuw, S. Maddox, M. Michalowski, C. Pearson, M. Pohlen, E. Rigby, G. Rodighiero, Daniel Smith, P. Temi, M. Vaccari, P. van der Werf

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Abstract

We study the spectral energy distribution (SED) and the power spectrum of Galactic cirrus emission observed in the 14 deg2 Science Demonstration Phase field of the Herschel-ATLAS using Herschel and IRAS data from 100 to 500 mu m. We compare the Spectral and Photometric Imaging Receiver (SPIRE) 250, 350 and 500 mu m maps with IRAS 100-mu m emission, binned in 6-arcmin pixels. We assume a modified blackbody SED with dust emissivity parameter beta (F proportional to lambda-beta) and a single dust temperature T-d, and find that the dust temperature and emissivity index varies over the science demonstration field as <file name="mnr_17971_mu1.gif" type="gif"/> and 1 < beta < 4. The latter values are somewhat higher than the range of beta often quoted in the literature (1 < beta < 2). We estimate the mean values of these parameters to be T-d = 19.0 +/- 2.4 K and beta = 1.4 +/- 0.4. In regions of bright cirrus emission, we find that the dust has similar temperatures with <file name="mnr_17971_mu2.gif" type="gif"/>, and similar values of beta, ranging from 1.4 +/- 0.5 to 1.9 +/- 0.5. We show that T-d and beta associated with diffuse cirrus emission are anti-correlated and can be described by the relationship: beta(T-d) = NT alpha(d) with [N = 116 +/- 38, alpha = -1.4 +/- 0.1]. The strong correlation found in this analysis is not just limited to high-density clumps of cirrus emission as seen in previous studies, but is also seen in diffuse cirrus in low-density regions. To provide an independent measure of T-d and beta, we obtain the angular power spectrum of the cirrus emission in the IRAS and SPIRE maps, which is consistent with a power spectrum of the form P(k) = P-0(k/k(0))gamma, where gamma = 2.6 +/- 0.2 for scales of 50-200 arcmin in the SPIRE maps. The cirrus rms fluctuation amplitude at angular scales of 100 arcmin is consistent with a modified blackbody SED with <file name="mnr_17971_mu3.gif" type="gif"/> and beta = ! 1.3 +/- 0.2, in agreement with the values obtained above.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1151-1161
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume412
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • methods : statistical
  • ISM : structure
  • infrared : ISM

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