Herschel-PACS observation of the 10 Myr old T Tauri disk TW Hya Constraining the disk gas mass

W. -F. Thi, G. Mathews, F. Menard, P. Woitke, G. Meeus, P. Riviere-Marichalar, C. Pinte, C. D. Howard, A. Roberge, G. Sandell, I. Pascucci, B. Riaz, C. A. Grady, W. R. F. Dent, I. Kamp, G. Duchene, J. -C. Augereau, E. Pantin, B. Vandenbussche, I. TillingJ. P. Williams, C. Eiroa, D. Barrado, J. M. Alacid, S. Andrews, D. R. Ardila, G. Aresu, S. Brittain, D. R. Ciardi, W. Danchi, D. Fedele, I. de Gregorio-Monsalvo, A. Heras, N. Huelamo, A. Krivov, J. Lebreton, R. Liseau, C. Martin-Zaidi, I. Mendigutia, B. Montesinos, A. Mora, M. Morales-Calderon, H. Nomura, N. Phillips, L. Podio, D. R. Poelman, S. Ramsay, K. Rice, E. Solano, H. Walker, G. J. White, G. Wright

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    Abstract

    Planets are formed in disks around young stars. With an age of similar to 10 Myr, TW Hya is one of the nearest T Tauri stars that is still surrounded by a relatively massive disk. In addition a large number of molecules has been found in the TW Hya disk, making TW Hya the perfect test case in a large survey of disks with Herschel-PACS to directly study their gaseous component. We aim to constrain the gas and dust mass of the circumstellar disk around TW Hya. We observed the fine-structure lines of [OI] and [CII] as part of the open-time large program GASPS. We complement this with continuum data and ground-based (12) CO 3-2 and (CO)-C-13 3-2 observations. We simultaneously model the continuum and the line fluxes with the 3D Monte-Carlo code MCFOST and the thermo-chemical code ProDiMo to derive the gas and dust masses. We detect the [OI] line at 63 mu m. The other lines that were observed, [OI] at 145 mu m and [CII] at 157 mu m, are not detected. No extended emission has been found. Preliminary modeling of the photometric and line data assuming [(CO)-C-12]/[(CO)-C-13] = 69 suggests a dust mass for grains with radius < 1 mm of similar to 1.9 x 10(-4) M-circle dot (total solid mass of 3 x 10(-3) M-circle dot) and a gas mass of (0.5-5) x 10(-3) M-circle dot. The gas-to-dust mass may be lower than the standard interstellar value of 100.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberL125
    Pages (from-to)-
    Number of pages6
    JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
    Volume518
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Keywords

    • circumstellar disks
    • MAIN-SEQUENCE STARS
    • PROTOPLANETARY DISKS
    • YOUNG STARS
    • X-RAY
    • HYDRAE
    • EMISSION
    • SPECTRA
    • MODELS
    • ARRAY

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