High-energy sources at low radio frequency: the Murchison Widefield Array view of Fermi blazars

M. Giroletti, F. Massaro, R. D'Abrusco, R. Lico, D. Burlon, N. Hurley-Walker, M. Johnston-Hollitt, J. Morgan, V. Pavlidou, M. Bell, G. Bernardi, R. Bhat, J. D. Bowman, F. Briggs, R. J. Cappallo, B. E. Corey, A. A. Deshpande, A. Ewall-Rice, D. Emrich, B. M. GaenslerR. Goeke, L. J. Greenhill, B. J. Hazelton, L. Hindson, D. L. Kaplan, J. C. Kasper, E. Kratzenberg, L. Feng, D. Jacobs, N. Kurdryavtseva, E. Lenc, C. J. Lonsdale, M. J. Lynch, B. McKinley, S. R. McWhirter, D. A. Mitchell, M. F. Morales, E. Morgan, D. Oberoi, A. R. Offringa, S. M. Ord, B. Pindor, T. Prabu, P. Procopio, J. Riding, A. E. E. Rogers, A. Roshi, N. Udaya Shankar, K. S. Srivani, R. Subrahmanyan, S. J. Tingay, M. Waterson, R. B. Wayth, R. L. Webster, A. R. Whitney, A. Williams, C. L. Williams

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    Abstract

    Low-frequency radio arrays are opening a new window for the study of the sky, both to study new phenomena and to better characterize known source classes. Being flat-spectrum sources, blazars are so far poorly studied at low radio frequencies. We characterize the spectral properties of the blazar population at low radio frequency compare the radio and high-energy properties of the gamma-ray blazar population, and search for radio counterparts of unidentified gamma-ray sources. We cross-correlated the 6,100 deg^2 Murchison Widefield Array Commissioning Survey catalogue with the Roma blazar catalogue, the third catalogue of active galactic nuclei detected by Fermi-LAT, and the unidentified members of the entire third catalogue of gamma-ray sources detected by \fermilat. When available, we also added high-frequency radio data from the Australia Telescope 20 GHz catalogue. We find low-frequency counterparts for 186 out of 517 (36%) blazars, 79 out of 174 (45%) gamma-ray blazars, and 8 out of 73 (11%) gamma-ray blazar candidates. The mean low-frequency (120--180 MHz) blazar spectral index is $\langle \alpha_\mathrm{low} \rangle=0.57\pm0.02$: blazar spectra are flatter than the rest of the population of low-frequency sources, but are steeper than at $\sim$GHz frequencies. Low-frequency radio flux density and gamma-ray energy flux display a mildly significant and broadly scattered correlation. Ten unidentified gamma-ray sources have a (probably fortuitous) positional match with low radio frequency sources. Low-frequency radio astronomy provides important information about sources with a flat radio spectrum and high energy. However, the relatively low sensitivity of the present surveys still misses a significant fraction of these objects. Upcoming deeper surveys, such as the GaLactic and Extragalactic All-Sky MWA (GLEAM) survey, will provide further insight into this population.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberA141
    Number of pages9
    JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
    Volume588
    Early online date1 Apr 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Apr 2016

    Keywords

    • astro-ph.HE

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