|Title of host publication||The Oxford Companion to Consciousness|
|Editors||T. Bayne, A. Cleeremans, P. Wilken|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
The fall of positivism not only constitutes the collapse of an interesting version of idealism, it also marks the inauguration of the now dominant form of scientific naturalism which sponsors contemporary problems of consciousness. Since realists disagree about such fundamental matters as the nature of reality, their debates are not always straightforward. Historically, idealism has been motivated by appeal to transcendental arguments and attempts at philosophical therapy.