Identifying Hot Topic Trends in Streaming Text Data Using News Sequential Evolution Model Based on Distributed Representations

Zohaib Ahmad Khan, Yuanqing Xia, Shahzad Ali, Javed Ali Khan, S. S. Askar, Mohamed Abouhawwash, Nora El-Rashidy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hot topic trends have become increasingly important in the era of social media, as these trends can spread rapidly through online platforms and significantly impact public discourse and behavior. As a result, the scope of distributed representations has expanded in machine learning and natural language processing. As these approaches can be used to effectively identify and analyze hot topic trends in large datasets. However, previous research has shown that analyzing sequential periods in data streams to detect hot topic trends can be challenging, particularly when dealing with large datasets. Moreover, existing methods often fail to accurately capture the semantic relationships between words over different time periods, limiting their effectiveness in trend prediction and relationship analysis. This paper aims to utilize a distributed representations approach to detect hot topic trends in streaming text data. For this purpose, we build a sequential evolution model for a streaming news website to identify hot topic trends in streaming text data. Additionally, we create a visual display model and knowledge graph to further enhance our proposed approach. To achieve this, we begin by collecting streaming news data from the web and dividing it chronologically into several datasets. In addition, word2vec models are built in different periods for each dataset. Finally, we compare the relationship of any target word in sequential word2vec models and analyze its evolutionary process. Experimental results show that the proposed method can detect hot topic trends and provide a graphical representation of any raw data that cannot be easily designed using traditional methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98787-98804
Number of pages18
JournalIEEE Access
Volume11
Early online date7 Sept 2023
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Sept 2023

Keywords

  • distributed representations
  • knowledge graph
  • news sequential evolution model
  • stream text analysis
  • Topic trends
  • visual display model

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