Impact of coordination on post-earthquake last mile relief distribution operations in India

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The operations to deliver relief to disaster affected populations are complex requiring careful planning, execution, and coordination especially during the Last Mile Relief Distribution (LMRD) phase. This paper investigates the impact of coordination on LMRD performance in the context of India, one of the most affected countries in the world by natural disasters. The research was carried out in two phases. First, qualitative interviews were conducted with Indian government, national, and international non-governmental organizations involved in disaster relief operations in the country. Second, an Agent-Based Simulation model representing Indian LMRD operations was developed and used to evaluate the impact of three coordination scenarios on the total level of inventory in distribution centers (TLIDC) and the logistics chain responsiveness during the 45 days period following an earthquake. Findings indicate that better coordination can reduce TLIDC by up to 16% and improves responsiveness by up to 13%. The practical implications of these findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-316
Number of pages23
JournalInternational Journal of Emergency Management
Issue number3
Early online date19 Jul 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Jul 2023


  • Emergency Logistics
  • Agent Based Simulation
  • Relief Chain


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