Impact of U.K. and Australian Transnational Higher Education in Malaysia

Nirmala Arunasalam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigated outcomes of the provision, by one Australian and two U.K. universities, of bridging programs that allow registered Malaysian nurses to upgrade their diploma qualifications to degree level. The study was informed by current literature on Transnational Higher Education (TNHE) programs. Not sufficiently explored in the literature are nurses’ lived experiences of such programs and how far they apply TNHE theory in clinical practice. Using hermeneutic phenomenology, interviews were conducted with 18 Malaysian nurses who completed these TNHE programs. The data were analysed using thematic analysis. The findings were that personal and professional development did occur but it cannot be attributed entirely to the quality of the TNHE provision, which all nurses found to be problematic. Intrinsic and extrinsic factors mediated how far nurses applied the taught theory in their clinical practice. Longitudinal research is needed to identify the long-term impacts of TNHE programs on clinical practice.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1
Pages (from-to)242-259
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Studies in International Education
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016


  • globalization and international higher education, cross-border delivery of education, internationalization of higher education, internationalization of teaching, learning and research, internationalization of the curriculum


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