Improving seclusion practice: implications of a review of staff and patient views

M Van Der Merwe, E Muir-Cochrane, J Jones, M Tziggili, L Bowers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


This review explores patient and staff perceptions and improvement suggestions regarding seclusion in psychiatric inpatient settings. After an extensive literature search, 39 empirical papers were included in the review. According to the literature, patients perceived seclusion to be a distinct negative incident. Staff thought seclusion had a therapeutic effect and believed that units could not operate effectively without seclusion, but regretted that the situation was not resolved differently. Staff and patients had suggestions to improve the seclusion experience. Common themes in relation to the implications for practice are the need for better communication and more contact between patients and staff before, during and after the seclusion event.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-15
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 12 Apr 2013


  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Attitude to Health
  • Communication
  • Hospitals, Psychiatric
  • Humans
  • Inpatients
  • Internationality
  • Mental Disorders
  • Nurse-Patient Relations
  • Patient Isolation
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Restraint, Physical
  • Journal Article
  • Review


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