Influences on the fraction of hydrophobic and hydrophilic black carbon in the atmosphere

G. R. McMeeking, N. Good, M. D. Petters, G. McFiggans, H. Coe

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    Abstract

    Black carbon (BC) is a short term climate forcer that directly warms the atmosphere, slows convection, and hinders quantification of the effect of greenhouse gases on climate change. The atmospheric lifetime of BC particles with respect to nucleation scavenging in clouds is controlled by their ability to serve as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). To serve as CCN under typical conditions, hydrophobic BC particles must acquire hygroscopic coatings. However, the quantitative relationship between coatings and hygroscopic properties for ambient BC particles is not known nor is the time scale for hydrophobic-to-hydrophilic conversion. Here we introduce a method for measuring the hygroscopicity of externally and internally mixed BC particles by coupling a single particle soot photometer with a humidified tandem differential mobility analyzer. We test this technique using uncoated and coated laboratory generated model BC compounds and apply it to characterize the hygroscopicity distribution of ambient BC particles. From these data we derive that the observed number fraction of BC that is CCN active at 0.2% supersaturation is generally low in an urban area near sources and that it varies with the trajectory of the airmass. We anticipate that our method can be combined with measures of air parcel physical and photochemical age to provide the first quantitative estimates for characterizing hydrophobic-to-hydrophilic conversion rates in the atmosphere.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)5099-5112
    Number of pages14
    JournalAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
    Volume11
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Keywords

    • SINGLE-PARAMETER REPRESENTATION
    • DIFFERENTIAL MOBILITY ANALYZER
    • CONDENSATION NUCLEUS ACTIVITY
    • LASER-INDUCED INCANDESCENCE
    • PARTICLE SOOT PHOTOMETER
    • OPTICAL-PROPERTIES
    • HYGROSCOPIC GROWTH
    • SULFATE AEROSOLS
    • ORGANIC AEROSOL
    • MIXING STATE

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