Influencing Categorical Choices Through Physical Object Interaction

Nicholas Shipp, F. Vallée-Tourangeau, Susan Anthony

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Recent research has shown that action knowledge influences categorical decisions (Borghi, Flumini, Natraj & Wheaton, 2012; Chao & Martin, 2000; Iachini, Borghi & Senese, 2008; Kalénine, Shapiro, Flumini, Borghi & Buxbaum, 2013). Shipp, Vallée-Tourangeau, and Anthony, (2014) showed that action influences categorisation in a forced-choice triad task when combined with taxonomic information and presented within a functional context. The present experiment examined whether participants would be more likely to match items in a triad task based on shared actions following priming with the functional actions of the objects. Participants engaged in the triad task used in Shipp et al. after a priming phase where they either interacted with a series of objects for their functional capacity (Action Priming), grouped them into categories (Taxonomic Priming) or moved them from one table to another (Movement Priming). Items within the triads were presented as an image either on a white background (context-lean condition) or as a functional scene with the object being used by an agent (context-rich condition). Consistent with Shipp et al. the results showed that action was primarily used to base choices on the triad task when the action choice also shared a taxonomic relation, and was presented in context. Additionally, participants were more likely to select the action related item when they had been primed with the functional action of the objects. The results are discussed in terms of the transfer effect from the object interaction task that facilitates how the objects are simulated (Barsalou, 1999, 2003; Yeh & Barsalou, 2006).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication38th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2016)
Subtitle of host publicationRecognizing and Representing Events
EditorsA. Papafragou
Place of PublicationPennsylvania, USA.
PublisherCognitive Science Society
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781510832985
Publication statusPublished - 13 Aug 2016
EventThe 38th Annual Conference Of The Cognitive Science Society - Pennsylvania , United States
Duration: 10 Aug 201613 Aug 2016
Conference number: 38


ConferenceThe 38th Annual Conference Of The Cognitive Science Society
Abbreviated titleCogSci 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States

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