Inkjet Printing of Pharmaceuticals

Paola Carou-Senra, Lucía Rodríguez-Pombo, Atheer Awad, Abdul W. Basit, Carmen Alvarez-Lorenzo, Alvaro Goyanes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Inkjet printing (IJP) is an additive manufacturing process that selectively deposits ink materials, layer-by-layer, to create 3D objects or 2D patterns with precise control over their structure and composition. This technology has emerged as an attractive and versatile approach to address the ever-evolving demands of personalized medicine in the healthcare industry. Although originally developed for nonhealthcare applications, IJP harnesses the potential of pharma-inks, which are meticulously formulated inks containing drugs and pharmaceutical excipients. Delving into the formulation and components of pharma-inks, the key to precise and adaptable material deposition enabled by IJP is unraveled. The review extends its focus to substrate materials, including paper, films, foams, lenses, and 3D-printed materials, showcasing their diverse advantages, while exploring a wide spectrum of therapeutic applications. Additionally, the potential benefits of hardware and software improvements, along with artificial intelligence integration, are discussed to enhance IJP's precision and efficiency. Embracing these advancements, IJP holds immense potential to reshape traditional medicine manufacturing processes, ushering in an era of medical precision. However, further exploration and optimization are needed to fully utilize IJP's healthcare capabilities. As researchers push the boundaries of IJP, the vision of patient-specific treatment is on the horizon of becoming a tangible reality.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2309164
Pages (from-to)1-28
Number of pages28
JournalAdvanced Materials
Early online date10 Nov 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Nov 2023


  • bioprinting
  • digital healthcare and industry 4.0
  • drop-on-demand and continuous ink-jet additive manufacturing
  • personalised medications
  • precision medicine
  • quick response (QR) codes and data matrix patterns
  • two- and three-dimensional printing of pharmaceuticals using pharma-inks
  • drop‐on‐demand and continuous ink‐jet additive manufacturing
  • two‐ and three‐dimensional printing of pharmaceuticals using pharma‐inks


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