The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the composition of formulations on the physical properties, including glass-transition temperatures (Tg) and aerodynamic-related characteristics, of spray-dried lysozyme particles. The Tg, as determined by differential scanning calorimetry, of spraydried lysozyme formulations was found to be dependent upon the type and amount of excipient(s) included in the formulation. In addition, the Tg of sucrose-containing particles appeared to be raised markedly by the inclusion of trehalose, but not by dextran. The surfaces of all spray-dried particles were shown by scanning electron microscopy to be smooth with some containing characteristic dimples, typical of spray-dried material, and the morphology appeared to be independent of variation in excipient composition. However, the volume median diameters (VMD) of spray-dried powders, as determined by laser diffraction, were found to depend upon the amounts of excipients. The fine particle fraction of enzyme delivered to the lower stage of a twin-stage impinger from lysozyme-trehalose 1:1 powders appeared to be greater than that from lysozyme-sucrose 1:1 particles (22.5% vs 15.9%) when dispersed via a Rotahaler although a similar dispersibility of the two formulations (39.6% vs 36.7%) was found from a glass inhaler. In general, spray-drying was demonstrated to be feasible to produce respirable particles of the stabilised model protein, with Tg of the formulations being > 30 degreesC higher than room temperature.
- HUMAN DEOXYRIBONUCLEASE RHDNASE
- IGE MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODY
- FORMULATION EXCIPIENTS
- AEROSOL PERFORMANCE
- STORAGE STABILITY