Labeling of phospholipids in vesicles and human-erythrocytes by photoactivable fatty-acid derivatives

Theo Berkhout, A. Vanamerongen, K.W.A. Wirtz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The photoactivable glycolipid probes, 2-(4-azido-2-nitrophenoxy)palmitoyl[1-I4C]glucosamine (compound A) and 12-(4-azido-2-nitrophenoxy)stearoyl[1-14C]glucosamine (compound B) were synthesized essentially as described before [Iwata, K. K. et al. (1978) Prog. Clin. Biol. Res. 22, 579–589]. These probes were used to label phospholipid vesicles and erythrocyte membranes. A chromatographic method was developed to quantify the individual probe-phospholipid adducts involving both phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, and phosphatidylserine. For both membranes as well as for both probes a phospholipid labeling pattern was obtained which appeared to reflect the relative content of fatty acid double bonds in each phospholipid class. The distinct labeling of phosphatidylserine in intact erythrocytes strongly suggested that the probes spontaneously and rapidly redistributed between the two halves of the membrane bilayer. In addition, both probes yielded an extensive labeling of the membrane proteins. Analysis by dodecylsulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and autoradiography has indicated that the protein labeling pattern was different, depending on whether the ‘shallow’ probe (compound A) or ‘depth’ probe (compound B) were used
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-97
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1984


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