LHS 2803B: A very wide mid-T dwarf companion to an old M dwarf identified from Pan-STARRS1

Niall R. Deacon, Michael C. Liu, Eugene A. Magnier, Brendan P. Bowler, Andrew W. Mann, Joshua A. Redstone, William S. Burgett, Ken C. Chambers, Klaus W. Hodapp, Nick Kaiser, Rolf Peter Kudritzki, Jeff S. Morgan, Paul A. Price, John L. Tonry, Richard J. Wainscoat

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    26 Citations (Scopus)


    We report the discovery of a wide (1400 AU projected separation), common proper motion companion to the nearby M dwarf LHS 2803 (PSO J207.0300-13.7422). This object was discovered during our census of the local T dwarf population using Pan-STARRS1 and Two Micron All Sky Survey data. Using the Infrared Telescope Facility/SpeX near-infrared spectroscopy, we classify the secondary to be spectral type T5.5. University of Hawaii 2.2m/SuperNova Integral Field Spectrograph optical spectroscopy indicates that the primary has a spectral type of M4.5, with approximately solar metallicity and no measurable Hα emission. We use this lack of activity to set a lower age limit for the system of 3.5Gyr. Using a comparison with chance alignments of brown dwarfs and nearby stars, we conclude that the two objects are unlikely to be a chance association. The primary's photometric distance of 21pc and its proper motion implies thin disk kinematics. Based on these kinematics and its metallicity, we set an upper age limit for the system of 10Gyr. Evolutionary model calculations suggest that the secondary has a mass of 72±4 7 MJup, temperature of 1120 ± 80K, and log g = 5.4 ± 0.1dex. Model atmosphere fitting to the near-IR spectrum gives similar physical parameters of 1100K and log g = 5.0.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number100
    JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 20 Sept 2012


    • brown dwarfs
    • stars: low-mass


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