LOFAR MSSS: The Scaling Relation between AGN Cavity Power and Radio Luminosity at Low Radio Frequencies

G. Kokotanekov, Michael Wise, G. H. Heald, J. P. McKean, L. Bîrzan, D. A. Rafferty, L. E H Godfrey, M. de Vries, Huib T. Intema, J. W. Broderick, M. J. Hardcastle, A. Bonafede, A. O. Clarke, R. J. van Weeren, H.~J.~A. Röttgering, R. Pizzo, M. Iacobelli, E. Orrú, Alexander Shulevski, C. J. RiseleyR. P. Breton, B. Nikiel-Wroczyński, S. S. Sridhar, A. J. Stewart, A. Rowlinson, A. J. van der Horst, J. J. Harwood, G. Gürkan, D. Carbone, M. Pandey-Pommier, C. Tasse, A. M. M. Scaife, L. Pratley, Chiara Ferrari, J. H. Croston, V. N. Pandey, W. Jurusik, D. D. Mulcahy

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We present a new analysis of the widely used relation between cavity power and radio luminosity in clusters of galaxies with evidence for strong AGN feedback. We study the correlation at low radio frequencies using two new surveys - the First Alternative Data Release of the TIFR GMRT Sky Survey (TGSS ADR1) at 148 MHz and LOFAR's first all-sky survey, the Multifrequency Snapshot Sky Survey (MSSS) at 140 MHz. We find a scaling relation $P_{\rm cav} \propto L_{148}^{\beta}$, with a logarithmic slope of $\beta = 0.51 \pm 0.14$, which is in good agreement with previous results based on data at 327 MHz. The large scatter present in this correlation confirms the conclusion reached at higher frequencies that the total radio luminosity at a single frequency is a poor predictor of the total jet power. We show that including measurements at 148 MHz alone is insufficient to reliably compute the bolometric radio luminosity and reduce the scatter in the correlation. For a subset of four well-resolved sources, we examine the detected extended structures at low frequencies and compare with the morphology known from higher frequency images and Chandra X-ray maps. In Perseus we discuss details in the structures of the radio mini-halo, while in the 2A 0335+096 cluster we observe new diffuse emission associated with multiple X-ray cavities and likely originating from past activity. For A2199 and MS 0735.6+7421, we confirm that the observed low-frequency radio lobes are confined to the extents known from higher frequencies. This new low-frequency analysis highlights the fact that existing cavity power to radio luminosity relations are based on a relatively narrow range of AGN outburst ages. We discuss how the correlation could be extended using low frequency data from the LOFAR Two-metre Sky Survey (LoTSS) in combination with future, complementary deeper X-ray observations.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA48
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Early online date7 Sept 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Sept 2017


  • astro-ph.GA
  • astro-ph.CO


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