Manufacturing, characterisation and mechanical analysis of polyacrylonitrile membranes

Mertol Tüfekci, Sevgi Güneş Durak, İnci Pir, Türkan Ormancı Acar, Güler Türkoğlu Demirkol, Neşe Tüfekci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


To investigate the effect of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) addition and consequently porosity, two different sets of membranes are manufactured, since PVP is a widely used poring agent which has an impact on the mechanical properties of the membrane material. The first set (PAN 1) includes polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and the necessary solvent while the second set (PAN 2) is made of PAN and PVP. These membranes are put through several characterisation processes including tensile testing. The obtained data are used to model the static behaviour of the membranes with different geometries but similar loading and boundary conditions that represent their operating conditions. This modelling process is undertaken by using the finite element method. The main idea is to investigate how geometry affects the load-carrying capacity of the membranes. Alongside membrane modelling, their materials are modelled with representative elements with hexagonal and rectangular pore arrays (RE) to understand the impact of porosity on the mechanical properties. Exploring the results, the best geometry is found as the elliptic membrane with the aspect ratio 4 and the better RE as the hexagonal array which can predict the elastic properties with an approximate error of 12%.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Finite element method
  • Foams
  • Mechanical characterisation
  • Non-linear deformations
  • Ultrafiltration membrane
  • finite element method
  • foams
  • mechanical characterization
  • non-linear deformations
  • ultrafiltration membrane


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