Microbiome Approach for a Planet-friendly Green Revolution in 21st Century Agriculture

Shashi B. Sharma, Kiran P. Raverkar, Suhas P. Wani, Davis J. Bagyaraj, Kannepalli Annapurna, Rajan Sharma, Diwakar RWK kandula, Aram Mikaelyan, Minshad A. Ansari, Patricia Stock, Keith Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The pivotal role of microbes in driving sustainable agriculture is paramount in 21st century agricultural innovation. This article explores the vast potential of microbial contributions to be harnessed in addressing the current challenges of climate change and environmental sustainability, shaping the future landscape of agriculture in this century. Microbial communities possess untapped potential to enhance soil health, maximise crop productivity, and promote environmental sustainability, thereby facilitating a new ecologically-benign planet-friendly green revolution. Central to this discourse is the recognition of soil microbial communities as fundamental players, influencing soil health and fertility while intricately shaping plant growth, nutrient cycling, biodegradation of waste, bio-treatment of wastewater, carbon sequestration and overall ecosystem dynamics. This exploration emphasises the crucial importance of fully embracing the potential of microbiome-driven strategies such as the adoption of microbial 3Bs – Biofertilisers, Bioprotectants, Biostimulants - as a central approach to promoting regenerative agriculture, rooted in resilience and sustainability. In this narrative, microbes prove to be the silent architects of change, offering innovative solutions to global challenges including pandemic preparedness, food security, and climate change mitigation. As microbial applications become central to modern agriculture, standardisation across the entire microbial supply chain becomes imperative. Establishing guidelines and best practices for the ethical use of microbes is crucial for enhancing agricultural productivity and environmental health. This article provides specific recommendations for key stakeholders, researchers, global leaders, politicians, and the public, who play distinct yet interconnected roles in creating a future where microbes drive regenerative ecosystems. Through the pragmatic integration of the microbiome approach into our crop production systems, we have the opportunity to cultivate a more robust and adaptable food system. This approach not only enables us to overcome challenges but also fosters a planet-friendly green revolution, benefitting both current and future generations.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAgricultural Research
Publication statusSubmitted - 8 Mar 2024


  • Microbiome
  • Sustainable agriculture
  • Soil Health
  • Climate Resilience
  • Planetary Health


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