Models of Care and Relationships with Care Homes: Cross-Sectional Survey of English General Practices

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The Enhanced Health in Care Homes framework for England sets out standards for how primary care should work with care homes. How care home staff and General Practitioners work together and the quality of their working relationships are core to resident healthcare. This study explored the current models of care and relationships between General Practitioners′ practices and care homes. Sixty-seven respondents from 35 practices were recruited in the East of England and completed a semi-structured online survey. Responses were analysed using descriptive statistics. Free text responses were interpreted thematically. The number of care homes that practices supported ranged from 0–15. Most reported having designated General Practitioners working with care homes and a good working relationship. Despite the national rollout of the Enhanced Health in Care Homes framework, two-thirds reported no recent changes in how they worked with care homes. There is a shift towards practices working with fewer care homes and fewer accounts of fractured working relationships, suggesting that residents’ access to primary care is improving. The continuing variability suggests further work is needed to ensure it is driven by context, not inequitable provision. Future work needs to address how policy changes are changing work practices and residents’ health outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Article number14774
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH)
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2022


  • GP
  • long-term care
  • nursing homes
  • primary care
  • residential care


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