This paper presents a novel routability-driven circuit clustering (packing) technique, DBPack, to improve function packing on FPGAs. We address a number of challenges when optimising packing of generic FPGA architectures, which are input bandwidth constraints (the number of unique cluster input signals is greater than the number of unique signals available from routing channel), density of packing to satisfy area constraints and minimisation of exposed nets outside the cluster in order to facilitate routability. In order to achieve optimal trade-off solutions when mapping for groups of Basic Logic Elements (BLEs) into clusters with regard to multiple objectives, we have developed a population based circuit clustering algorithm based on non-dominated sorting multi-objective genetic algorithm (NSGA-II). Our proposed method is tested using a number of the “Golden 20” MCNC benchmark circuits that are regularly used in FPGA-related literature. The results show that the techniques proposed in the paper considerably improve both packing density of clusters and their routability when compared to the state-of-art routability-driven packing algorithms, including VPack, T-VPack and RPack.
|Title of host publication||2014 IEEE International Conference on Evolvable Systems|
|Number of pages||116|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Jan 2015|