Multipair Two-Way DF Relaying with Cell-Free Massive MIMO

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    2 Citations (Scopus)


    We consider a two-way half-duplex decode-and-forward (DF) relaying system with multiple pairs of single-antenna users assisted by a cell-free (CF) massive multiple-input multiple-output (mMIMO) architecture with multiple-antenna access points (APs). Under the practical constraint of imperfect channel state information (CSI), we derive the achievable sum spectral efficiency (SE) for a finite number of APs with maximum ratio (MR) linear processing for both reception and transmission in closed-form. Notably, the proposed CF mMIMO relaying architecture, exploiting the spatial diversity, and providing better coverage, outperforms the conventional collocated mMIMO deployment. Moreover, we shed light on the power-scaling laws maintaining a specific SE as the number of APs grows. A thorough examination of the interplay between the transmit powers per pilot symbol and user/APs takes place, and useful conclusions are extracted. Finally, differently to the common approach for power control in CF mMIMO systems, we design a power allocation scheme maximizing the sum SE.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number9360649
    Pages (from-to)423-438
    Number of pages16
    JournalIEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society
    Publication statusPublished - 2021


    • beyond 5G MIMO
    • decode-and-forward
    • power-scaling law


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